Published Academic Articles:
1.Hristina Crenn – “Legitimizing the Role of Women in the process of State Building in Post-Revolutionary France” – article published in the International Journal of Rule of Law, Transitional Justice and Human Rights of the Pravnik Summer School of Sarajevo – December 2019
This abstract analyses the intrinsic character of the legitimate role of revolutionary women in the process of institution building in post-revolutionary France as the pragmatic cornerstone of the institutionnalisation of women rights in the course of the 19th and 20th century. There was a period of gender conflict in the French society. The masculine approach of womanhood was the leading theory in the societal circle of power where the integrity of women as human beings was undermined.
Among the many strong prominent leaders there were: Olympe de Gouges, Simone de Beauvoir and Simone Veil that elevated the position of women in the society by denouncing the perennial status quo of male absolutism. The Women’s March for the first time in history forced a king to capitulate.
A royal dynasty was destroyed only by the intelligent actions of women activists such Olympe de Gouges, Madame de Steal, Charlotte Corday, Mary Wollstonecraft and most importantly the Women’s March of the members of the Third Estate. This paper will analyse various works of prominent female leaders, but most significantly the core study of the legal foundational scholarship of the articles of the Declaration of the Rights of the Woman and the Female Citizen will be examined, particularly, the scope of emancipation as ‘Citoyenne’ (Female Citizen) and the heroism of
Condorcet and Mary Wollstonecraft as pioneers of the established mechanisms for the defence of Women’s human rights.
Key words: Women, Institution building, Olympe de Gouges, patriarchy, French Revolution, Declaration
of the Rights and the Female Citizen
Journal of Applied Professional Studies, Volume 2, Issue 3, SPRING 2021, Marywood University (USA), 2021
*Link of the website of the journal: https://journal-aps.net/issue-3
The Covid-19 pandemic restructured the social order of the world. This paper a hitherto analyses the zoonotic origin of Covid-19 and the negative impact of the resurgence of labour inequalities for migrants and workers. Scientists always should search for the source of the virus. Thus, the new approach of One Health reflects the fundamental link or interdependence between human, animal and environmental health. The dark world scenario was characterised with the introduction of online work and education i.e., digital life. Over night people lost their jobs, schools closed, children and university students started to study online and hospitals were saturated. There is a dire need to change the scope of this unexpected event. Some countries are adopting adequate policies to curb the rapid mutation of the virus. The inefficiency of some policies paralysed the proper functioning of the entire world. The importance of reducing social inequalities, providing decent work and economic growth, eradicating the phenomenon of slow justice and ameliorating the performance of the main international and internal institutions is a post-Covid-19 mission. The Industrial Revolution of the 18th century gave birth to the notion of Labour Rights. Shortly after, International Humanitarian Law was added as a separate branch of legal philosophy. Hence, the primacy or imprescriptibility of peculiar international principles such as the notion of gender parity, the prohibition of labour inequalities, the prohibition of child labour (exploitation), the principle of non-refoulement (collective expulsion) was extensively promoted.
Keywords: Covid-19, Labour Inequalities, Migrants, Human Rights, Health
*Hristina Crenn’s paper: “The Transitional Society of the Bosnian Case: The Women’s Efforts during the Era of Peace Resolution and Post-Conflict Reconstruction”, pp.67-77
This article presents a profound analysis of the diverse legal aspects that influenced over time the structure of the core architectural instruments of the Bosnian type of Feminism in the field of International Relations and Human Rights Law. The necessity to embark on the journey of Peace Resolution was the primordial goal of the last two decades, especially in the aftermath of the war in Bosnia. The incredible efforts of the Bosnian Women seem quite often to be obliterated by the legal pages of history. Thus, somewhere they are mentioned, somewhere not. The fragile circumstances of the war, life under constant threat, systematic violence, ethnic cleansing, hidden mass graves are considered to be the most terrible crimes against humanity committed after the World War II. Many Women activists, locally and nationally, contributed significantly for the process of stabilisation and institutionnalisation of the state apparatus. Hearing the voice of the voiceless female victims, years after the war, and the inclusion of Women in the political sphere of power launched the process of emancipation that challenged tremendously the existence of the patriarchy. The ethnic and religious intolerance is a political instrument that Women try to modify by promoting unity among the huge mass of people.
*The introductory page of this article can be found on the website of the Cyberpolitik Journal website: http://cyberpolitikjournal.org/index.php/main/article/view/144
The era of Covid-19 reconstructed the vision of the Balkan region, mainly in the countries of the Western Balkans. The rapid emergence of the virus served as an intentional instrument for the political authorities to commit frequent data breaches. The implementation of the restricted measures in the Balkans reflected the weaknesses and the failures of the health system, the shortage of doctors and nurses, the unpreparedness, the ignorance of the inhabitants and the lack of regional cooperation. The process of gradual relaxation of the measures did provoke a second wave of Covid-19. The corruption of the elections prevented the harmonious process of the rule of law to function properly. The sudden revelation of the names of the patients infected with coronavirus on social media, the organisation of local and national protests during total curfew days, the immediate imposition of heavy fines and the unpreparedness of the security officers has resulted with a total collapse of the state apparatus. The objective to ameliorate the situation was interrupted with the presence of political and health fears in the diverse communities.
Key words: Data Breaches, the Balkan region, political abuse of power, human rights violations, health measures.